Query and Filter an af:listView

Most of the time we use tables to show tabular data to users. However, JDev and ADF allow for other components like the af:listView to be used to show such data to the user in a more modern way.

The image above shows the normal display of data when an af:query is used together with a table to show the result.

A more fancy, modern look we get if we use a af:listView to show the results as this allows us to style the data

Use case 1

We like to use an af:query to search for employees and show the result in a styled af:listView.

Implementation 1

This is pretty easy as we only have to use an af:listView as the result component of the af:query

And to exchange the af:table with an af:listView. Or you build the page by first dropping an af:query onto the page (without table) and then add the af:listView

Then you get the wizard to layout the list

This will give you a basic layout which can be styles in JDev as

The final result is

which looks more modern. One thing the af:table give you out of the box is the second use case.

User Case 2

We like the af:listView to be able to be filter the result like the af:table can.

Implementation of second use case

Easy you think? Well, the af:listView component doesn’t provide any filter out of the box. There isn’t even a filterModel like there is for an af:table.

So, how do we get this implemented. The idea is to use a af:table component but only use the filter provided by the af:table. The remaining parts like table data, possible scroll bars and status bar or scrollbars we remove.

We start by dragging the EmployeesView1 from the data control onto the page again.

And drop it after the closing af:panelHeader and before the af:listView as ‘ADF Table’

In the image you see that I have removed some available columns. Before we go to hide the part of the table we don’t need, we make the table work together with the af:query and the af:listView. When we use the af:query the table shows the right detail (auto PPR triggers the refresh of the table). However, if you have queried for the ‘Purchasing’ department and then enter an ‘s’ into the ‘First Name’ filter field of the table and hit enter, you get

As you see, the table shows the right result (2 rows) but the listView still shows all employees of the Purchasing department.

To make it work, we need to add a partialTrigger to the listView which points to the table. This way each time the table changes the listView will too.

Save all changes and refresh the page. Now if you enter a value into a filter field and hit enter, the listView will update too.

After the page works we have to get rid of the data below the header of the table. This is easy to accomplish by styling the table. We only need the filter field and the header below the filter fields so that we know which field filters which data. Simply set the maxHeight of the table to the exact height of the the two components. You can use your browser’s developer tools (F12) to measure the height. In my sample it’s 65px. So, setting the tables inlinestyle to

max-height: 65px;

will hide everything below the filter and the header

If you like you can create a skin and create a style class and use this style class instead of setting the max-height directly to the inlineStyle of the table. A nice addon is that the table header sorting is working too for the listView.

You can download the sample from gitHub BlogFilterListView. The sample is build using JDev 12.2.1.3 and uses the HR DB schema. The principle can be used in other JDev versions too.

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Using External REST Services with JDeveloper Part 3

In this blog we look how we can use an external REST service with JDev 12.2.1.2. To make things more interesting we don’t use an ADF based REST service and we look how to get nested data into the UI.

For this sample we like to create an application which allows to search for music tracks and show the results in a table or listview. To get the music data we use a REST service and to display the data we use ADF faces application.

In Part 1 we create the application and the project for the REST Data Control. In Part 2 we started creating the UI using the REST Data Control. In this final part we are enhancing the UI by using nested data from the REST Web Service and add this as column to the search result table. Before we start we look at the use case again.

Use Case

Before we begin implementing something which uses the external REST service we have to think about the use case. We like to implement a music title search using the external MusicBrainz REST service. A user should be able to enter a music title or part of a music title and as a result of the search she/he should get a list of titles, the artist or artists, the album and an id.

 

Handling nested Data

The use case demands that we add the artist and the album the music track is on to the same table. A look at the table in it’s current layout, make this understandable.

First of all we need to identify the dat a we want to add to the table in the response we get from the service.

Let’s investigate the JSON data, part of it, we get from the service for the search for the track ‘yesterday’


 

{
   "created": "2017-08-02T12:42:48.815Z",
   "count": 5985,
   "offset": 0,
   "recordings": [
       {
           "id": "465ad10d-97c9-4cfd-abd3-b765b0924e0b",
           "score": "100",
           "title": "Yesterday",
           "length": 243560,
           "video": null,
           "artist-credit": [
               {
                   "artist": {
                       "id": "351d8bdf-33a1-45e2-8c04-c85fad20da55",
                       "name": "Sarah Vaughan",
                       "sort-name": "Vaughan, Sarah",
                       "aliases": [
                           {
                               "sort-name": "Sarah Vahghan",
                               "name": "Sarah Vahghan",
                               "locale": null,
                               "type": null,
                               "primary": null,
                               "begin-date": null,
                               "end-date": null
                           },
...
                       ]
                   }
               }
           ],
           "releases": [
               {
                   "id": "f088ce44-62fb-4c68-a1e3-e2975eb87f52",
                   "title": "Songs of the Beatles",
                   "status": "Official",
                   "release-group": {
                       "id": "5e4838fa-07f1-3b93-8c9d-e7107774108b",
                       "primary-type": "Album"
                   },
                   "country": "US",

I marked the info ne need in blue in the data above. We see that the artist name is inside a list of name ‘artist_credit’ and that there can be multiple artists inside the ‘artist_credit’. This is a typical master/detail relationship.

The same is true for the album name which is an attribute inside a list of ‘releases’. The big question now is how do we get the nested data into the table as column.

When we expand the MusicBrainz Data Control we see the same structure we saw in the JSON data

So, the data is there, we only need to get to it. The data is structured like a tree and ADF is capable of accessing data in a tree structure (e.g. using an af:tree component). However, we like to use a simple table and don’t want to use a af:tree or af:treeTable. To get to the data, we first have to add the nested structure to the recordings binding we already use to display the current two columns of the table.

Right now we see the first level of the tree, the ‘recodrings’. Click the green ‘+’ sign to add the next level ‘artist_credit’

Add all attributes to the right side

As the artist name is still one level down, click the green ‘+’ sign again and add the ‘artist’ level

And shuffle the id and name attribute to the right side

Finnally we need to add the ‘releases’ level to get to the album name. For this select the ‘recordings’ level (the first) and click the green ‘+’ sign

And shuffle the id, title and track_count to the right side

Now all related data we need can be accessed via the ‘recordings’ binding.

We start with the artist column. Select the af:table in the structure window and open hte properties window

Click the green ‘+’ sign twice in the columns section to add two columns

Select the first added column (score in the image) and change the display label to ‘Artist’ and the component To Use’ to ‘ADF Output Text’. The second added column we change the display label to ‘Album’ and the ‘Component To Use’ again to ‘ADF Output Text’

We change the ‘Value Binding’ in the next step.

To get to the data for the artists we need to traverse two levels of sub rows. First level is the ‘artist_credit’, the second level is the artist itself. Here we have to keep in mind, that there can be more than one artist. In this case we have to join the names into one string for the table. As the ‘artist_credit’ itself can occur more than once, at least that’S what the data structure is telling us, we use an iterator to get the data.

The value property points to the current row and selects the ‘artist_creadit’. Each item we get from this iterator we access via the var property. So the item inside the iterator can be addressed as ‘artists’.

The artists can be one or more so we need another iterator to get to the artist data.

<af:iterator id="i2" value="#{artists.artist}" var="art" varStatus="artStat">

The value property for this iterator points to the artist we got from the outer iterator and is addressed as #{artists.artist}. To access attributes inside the artist data structure we use the var property and set it to ‘art’.

Now we have to somehow joint multiple artist names together if a track has more than one artist. The MusicBrainz Web Service helps us here by providing a ‘joinphrase’ which can be used to build one string for all artists. This ‘joinphrase’ can be .e.g a ‘&’ or a ‘,’. The full column code for the artist looks like

<af:iterator id="i2" value="#{artists.artist}" var="art" varStatus="artStat">

Here is some sample data for a search for the track ‘Something Stupid’ (to make it more readable I removed some attributes

"recordings": [
 {
  "title": "Something Stupid",
  "artist-credit": [
   {
    "joinphrase": " duet with ",
    "artist": {
     "name": "The Mavericks",
    }
   },
   {
    "joinphrase": " & ",
    "artist": {
     "name": "Raul Malo",
    }
   },
   {
    "artist": {
     "name": "Trisha Yearwood",
    }
   }
 ]

This data will be translated into the artist: “The Mavericks duet with Raul Malo & Trisha Yearwood”.

For the album column it’s easier. This too needs an iterator, but we don’t have to go down another level and we don’T have to join the data we get from the iterator. The column code for the album looks like

<af:iterator id="i1" value="#{row.artist_credit}" var="artists">
 <af:iterator id="i2" value="#{artists.artist}" var="art"
                    varStatus="artStat">
   <af:outputText value="#{art.name}#{artists.joinphrase}" id="ot5"/>
 </af:iterator>
</af:iterator>

The whole table for the search results look like

With this the page is ready and we can run the application. After start we see the page

Now entering a search term ‘something stupid’ into the search field will show

or trying the search with ‘dave’ will show

This concludes this mini series about how to use external REST Services and build an ADF UI from it.

The source code for this sample can be loaded from GitHub BlogUsingExternalREST. The sample was done using JDeveloper 12.2.1.2 and don’t use a DB.

Using External REST Services with JDeveloper (Part 2)

In this blog we look how we can use an external REST service with JDev 12.2.1.2. To make things more interesting we don’t use an ADF based REST service and we look how to get nested data into the UI.

For this sample we like to create an application which allows to search for music tracks and show the results in a table or listview. To get the music data we use a REST service and to display the data we use ADF faces application.

In Part 1 we create the application and the project for the REST Data Control. In Part 2 we start create the UI using the REST Data Control. Before we start we look at the use case again.

Use Case

Before we begin implementing something which uses the external REST service we have to think about the use case. We like to implement a music title search using the external MusicBrainz REST service. A user should be able to enter a music title or part of a music title and as a result of the search she/he should get a list of titles, the artist or artists, the album and an id.

Implementing the UI

In Part 1 we implemented the REST Data Control which we now use to build a small UI. Let’s look at the REST Web Service Data Control in the JDeveloper IDE

Above we see the data control ‘MusicBrainzJSONDC’ with it’s only resource recording, the input parameter names ‘query’ and the return data structure which was created using the sample JSON data we used when creating the REST Web Service Data Control.

When we query the resource we get back a complex data structure which give us information about how many results where found for the query and a list of ‘recordings’ which holds the artist names and the album names as ‘releases’.

To build the result table which should show the title id, the artist or artists and the album we have to go through all the nested data.

Setting up the search page

We start by adding a view the unbounded task flow adfc-config.xml which we name ‘MunicBrainz’ and create the page with a quick layout from the list

Make sure that you have selected to use ‘Facelets’! This will create a starter page with the layout selected. When the page is created it opens up in JDev like

We add an outputText component to the header and set the value to ‘MusicBrainz Test’

The resulting code looks like

For the layout we want to archive (search part and table to show the results) we need another grid row in the panelGridLayout. We drag a GridRow component from the ‘Component palette’ onto the panelGridLayout component in the structure window. You can use the source window too if you like. Dropping a new gridRow in the design isn’t recommended as it’s difficult to control the point where to insert the component.

Now we adjust the height of the rows and set the first row to 50 pixel, the second one to 100 pixel and leave the remaining height to the third gridRow:

Next we add the panelFormLayout holding the search field and the button to search for music tracks. For this we simply drag the ‘recording(String)’ operation from the MusicBrainzJSONDC data control onto the second grid row and drop it as ‘ADF Parameter Form’

we get a dialog showing us the methods parameter. Here we can bind the field to any other data field we like. However, in this case we leave it as is and just click OK

The framework wires everything up for us and we get the page as

Here we change the text on the button to ‘Search’

To see how things are wired up we look at the pagedef for the page

Here we see the method ‘recording’ and can expand it by clicking on the pencil icon

Where we see the details like where the parameter ‘query’ gets it’s value from (#{bindings.query.inputValue}). The ‘query’ binding is defined right above the recording method:

When we select the binding for ‘query’ wee see that the binding points to a variable defined in the pagedef (see Creating Variables and Attribute Bindings to Store Values Temporarily in the PageDef) which holds the value the user enters into the field. The recordings binding and the other stuff we talk about later.

Next up is creating the table with the results returned from the method call. For this we drag the recordings from the methodReturn binding onto the page and drop it as ADF Table into the third gridRow

To get the next dialog

Where we remove every attribute but the ‘id’ and the ‘title’ by selecting the rows and clicking the red ‘x’ icon. We set the row selection to single and make the table ‘read only’

The resulting page looks like

If we run the application now the UI comes up, but we’ll get an exception

Why’s that?

If we look into the servers log we see the error:-


<oracle.adf.view> <Utils> <buildFacesMessage> <ADF: Adding the following JSF error message: JBO-57001: Invocation of service URL used in connection failed with status code 400 Unable to parse search:tnum:.> 
oracle.adf.model.connection.rest.exception.RestConnectionException: JBO-57001: Invocation of service URL used in connection failed with status code 400 Unable to parse search:tnum:.
    at oracle.adf.model.connection.rest.RestConnection.getResponseCheckingStatus(RestConnection.java:783)
    at oracle.adf.model.connection.rest.RestConnection.getResponse(RestConnection.java:629)
    at oracle.adfinternal.model.adapter.ChildOperation.getJerseyResponse(ChildOperation.java:1167)
    at oracle.adfinternal.model.adapter.ChildOperation.makeServerCall(ChildOperation.java:977)
    at oracle.adfinternal.model.adapter.JSONChildOperation.invokeOperationInternal(ChildOperation.java:2056)
    at oracle.adfinternal.model.adapter.ChildOperation.invokeOperation(ChildOperation.java:542)
    at oracle.adf.model.adapter.rest.RestURLDataControl.invokeOperation(RestURLDataControl.java:247)
    at oracle.adf.model.bean.DCBeanDataControl.invokeMethod(DCBeanDataControl.java:512)
    at oracle.adf.model.binding.DCInvokeMethod.callMethod(DCInvokeMethod.java:269)
    at oracle.jbo.uicli.binding.JUCtrlActionBinding.doIt(JUCtrlActionBinding.java:1742)
    at oracle.adf.model.binding.DCDataControl.invokeOperation(DCDataControl.java:2371)
    at oracle.adf.model.bean.DCBeanDataControl.invokeOperation(DCBeanDataControl.java:628)
    at oracle.adf.model.adapter.AdapterDCService.invokeOperation(AdapterDCService.java:316)
    at oracle.jbo.uicli.binding.JUCtrlActionBinding.invoke(JUCtrlActionBinding.java:803)
    at oracle.jbo.uicli.binding.JUMethodIteratorDef$JUMethodIteratorBinding.invokeMethodAction(JUMethodIteratorDef.java:175)

 


Which doesn’t tell us more. What we see is that an ‘invokeMethod’ is the root cause. The reason is that when the pages loads, the iterators in the executable section of the pagedef are fired. As we saw we have two executables and those are giving us the errors.

As the field is empty the recordings method is called without a query parameter. If you mimic this in Postman with the query

http://musicbrainz.org/ws/2/recording/?fmt=json&query=

we get

Exactly the same error, only this time as html.

To solve this problem we have to avoid calling the service without a parameter. This can easily be archived by adding an expression to the executable RefreshCondition property

This we have to both executables in the pagedef. After that running the application will get us

 

This ends part 2 of this series, due to the length and the number of images in this post. The remaining part 3 will cover how to use the nested data and to add it to the search result table and provide the link to the sample application.

Blog Using External REST Servies (Part 1)

Using External REST Services with JDeveloper 12.2.1.2 (Part 1)

In this blog we look how we can use an external REST service with JDev 12.2.1.2. To make things more interesting we don’t use an ADF based REST service and we look how to get nested data into the UI.

For this sample we like to create an application which allows to search for music tracks and show the results in a table or listview. To get the music data we use a REST service and to display the data we use ADF faces application.

In part 1 we create the application and the project for the REST Data Control. Part 2 we will create the UI using the REST Data Control.

Setting up an external REST services

Let’s start be selecting a REST service which is available for public use without the need to get a key first. We use such a service to make it easier for you to run the sample and to look at the code. If we would need a key to use the API, you would need to register yourself with the service before you can run the sample.

There are a couple of such REST services like Spotify, iTunes or MusicBrainz which offer search APIs for music data as public REST service. Spotify we have to eliminate from the list as this service requires an API key since Mai 2017, meaning that it’s not public available without you register yourself before using it. ITunes REST API allows public access and the data structure returned is very simple. The result for a search get you everything in a flat structure. This will make things easy, too easy 🙂

For this sample where we like to show how to work with more complex data structures returned by a REST service. So, the final vote for this blog goes to MusicBrainz (MusicBrainz Rest API).

MusicBrainz

Musicbrainz REST API comes in different versions (V1 and V2). The current version v2 is what we are interested in as V1 is already deprecated. The documentation tell us, that the service is an XML style REST service. However, there is a JSON style REST service available too. This JSON style RSET service is what we use for the sample.

Before we implement the REST service calls we need to find out how to search for the data we like to show. For this a tool like Postman is a great help. Postman allows you to enter calls to REST services in a browser like UI. You can set all kind of headers, e.g. below we see a sample of the Postman UI (in the result a couple of sub structures are folded to show the relevant data). The query searched for recordings named ‘yesterday’ and asked for a result in JSON format:

To learn more about the possible searches refer to Web Service Search.The data structures and their meaning are described in in the MusicBrainz Data Structure.

Use Case

Before we begin implementing something which uses the external REST service we have to think about the use case. We like to implement a music title search using the external MusicBrainz REST service. A user should be able to enter a music title or part of a music title and as a result of the search she/he should get a list of titles, the artist or artists, the album and an id.

Creating a REST Web Service Project

After we looked at the REST Service and the data it returned we have identified the data we need to get from the REST service. The first step is to create a project which communicate with the REST service.

We create a normal Fusion Web Application which will create a ADF model project and a view controller project. If you need a script on how to do this you can look at Writing Reproducible Test Cases: Why and How. The model project we don’t need for this sample. You can delete it or just leave it empty.

For the access to the MusicBrainz data we create a new REST Web Service Project inside the application:

Name it and go through the rest of the wizard

Before we create the web service data control, we need to create a REST Connection from the resource pallete we create a new IDE connection of REST type

Then we later need data returned from the REST service which the wizard uses to produce the data structure. A simple way to get such data is to use e.g. Postman to call the REST service:

Copy the result (all of it!) and save it to a file. Next we create a new Web Service Data Control from the gallery

Select the ‘WebService Data Control (SOAP/REST)’

And fill out the wizard. Select the REST connection created before

In the next image click on the green ‘+’ sign

And change the path to ‘/ws/2/recording’, select JSON as data format and checkmark the GET method to enter ‘recording’ into the field.

In the next screen we need to select ‘Parse from Sample Code’ and copy the content of the file we saved from Postman into the textarea

And finally test the Web Service Data Control

The finish the wizard. Now we can test the data contron by finding the DataControl.dcx file in the project and right click on it. Choose ‘Run’ from the context menu:

In the dialog window right click hte data control and choose ‘Operations’

Fill in the fields and click the execute button

The result should look like

You can copy the return value into an editor to fully see it. If you don’t get the successful result, check the steps against the ones in the blog.

This concludes part 1 of this series. In part 2 we develop the UI for the application using the Web Service Data Control we created in this part. The source of the sample can be downloaded from GitHub. The link to it will be provided with part 2.

JDeveloper: How to setup and use a converter

JDeveloper: How to setup and use a converter

In this post I show how to setup the server side part of a converter and how to use it in an application. Converters can have a client side too and all af:converter do have one. For a nice sample on what you can do with client side converters see ADF: Smart Input Date Client Converter. The big difference is that the client side converter is done on the client side with JavaScript and no server round trip is done for the conversation.

Why are converters needed at all?

Sometimes the data you get from a source like the database table is not in a format you like to show to the user. Common cases are showing strings in special formatting, e.g. social security numbers or phone numbers. You can use converters to show the content of clob and blob columns in the UI too.

The ADF framework provided some converters out of the box:

These can be used without the need to program anything.

What is missing from the out of the box converters is one which can be used to format a string.

One thing to remember that the new format should only be used in the UI to show the data in a specific format. You normally don’t want to store it in this special format.

We create a converter which exchanges each uppercase character ‘B’ in a string with the string “-Z-”. The sample is not very useful, but it shows what can be done with converters.

Use Case

A string can contain any character. However when the string is shown on the UI there should be no ‘B’ visible. Instead of the ‘B’ we should show ‘-Z-’. This should only be done when the string is visible on the UI. When the string is stored in the db or some other place it should be stored with the ‘B’.

Implementation

I used JDev 11.1.1.7.0 for this sample, which is the oldest JDev version I have access to. The steps to create a converter should be almost equal in all versions, but I deliberately choose the oldest JDev I have so that other users with other version should have no problem migrating this sample to their version.

The final sample can be downloaded from GitHub at BlogConverterSample.

Model Project

We start by creating a fresh ADF Web Application. If you want a detailed description on how to do this, you can follow Writing Reproducible Test Cases: Why and How. For the model part I only use one DB table, the EMPLOYEES table. The resulting model project looks like

We don’t need to make any change to the generated project. This model project is only created to show that the converter works on data read from the DB table too.

ViewController Project

For users interested in more details about converters, please read the doc at http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E48682_01/web.1111/b31973/af_validate.htm#BABGIEDH. To start with the converter, we create a java class in the ViewController project and name it MyB2ZConverter.java. As package we choose ‘de.hahn.blog.convertersample.view.converter’

As the class will be a converter we have to implement the javax.faces.convert.Converter interface. For this you click on the green ‘+’ sign and can search for the right interface

This process will create the java class and two methods

These are the methods we have to implement for our use case. The first method ‘getAsObject’ is called when the data from the UI is send to the server for further processing. The ‘getAsString’ method is called when data from a storage (DB, bean property or pagedef variable) is going to be rendered to the UI.

As our use case is to exchange every “B” with the string “-Z-” we can implement the getAsString method easily by replacing every “B’ with “-Z-”. The method has three parameters, the current FacesContext which you can use to write messages, the UIComponent for which the converter is called and finally an Object representing the data which we want to convert. The result of the conversion must be a String. The resulting method look like

/** Method to get the string representation of hte object to use in the UI
* @param facesContext current facesContext
* @param uIComponent component which was used to deliver the data
* @param object data from storage to be converted
* @return sting to use for in the UI
*/
public String getAsString(FacesContext facesContext, UIComponent uIComponent, Object object) {
  if (object != null) {
    String ret = object.toString().replaceAll("B", "-Z-");
    return ret;
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}

After the check if the object to convert is null (in this case there is nothing to do), we use the String.replaceAll(…) method to search for ‘B’ and replace it with “-Z-”.

Keep in mind that the first parameter to the replaceAll method is a regular expression (see String.replaceAll(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)).

Now, if the data from the UI is send back to the model layer, it has to be converted back into the original format. So we have to do the conversion backwards by replacing all “-Z-” with “B” in the getAsObject(…) method:

/** Method which get the data from a uiComponent and should return it in the format we like to store in the DB (or elswhere)
* @param facesContext current facesContext
* @param uIComponent component which was used to deliver the data
* @param string data from the ui component
* @return object to use for further work (e.g. storage in the DB)
*/
public Object getAsObject(FacesContext facesContext, UIComponent uIComponent, String string) {
  if (string != null) {
    String ret = string.replaceAll("-Z-", "B");
    return ret;
  } else {
    return null;
  }
}

The result will be an Object which will be passed back to the model layer. If you don’t implement the getAsObject(…) method and just return the third parameter as resulting object, you would change every data in the back end to the new format. This may be your intention, but most often you don’t want to do this. It would mark every row of data dirty you have visited without any user interaction. This is because you pass different data back to the model than you read from it.

The last step to do is to register the custom converter in the faces-config.xml file of the ViewController project. Open the faces-config.xml file in JDev and select the ‘Converter’ tab

Click the green ‘+’ sign to get the an empty row in the converter section. Go to the property window and you see

Where we click on the ‘…’ button on the right end of the ‘Class’ field. We get the search for a class dialog where we look for the MyB2ZConverter class

Select the class and enter an ID fro the converter. This ID will be used in the UI to tell a component to use this converter.

Finally the converter section look like

UI Page

Now we can use the converter in a page or fragment. We start with a simple page where we define a inputText field and a button to submit the content of the field to see the converter working.

In the adfc-config.xml we add a JSPX page named ‘index’

And this page uses a quick layout as seen here

We add a title and the inputText field, a button to submit the data and two outputText fields to show what the converter has done to the data. The page layout looks like

or in code

If you like to copy the code use the following representation:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<jsp:root xmlns:jsp="http://java.sun.com/JSP/Page" version="2.1" xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core" xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html"
 xmlns:af="http://xmlns.oracle.com/adf/faces/rich">
 <jsp:directive.page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8"/>
 <f:view>
 <af:document id="d1">
 <af:form id="f1">
 <af:panelStretchLayout topHeight="50px" id="psl1">
 <f:facet name="top">
 <af:outputText value="Converter Sample" id="ot1" inlineStyle="font-size:x-large;"/>
 </f:facet>
 <f:facet name="center">
 <af:panelGroupLayout layout="scroll" xmlns:af="http://xmlns.oracle.com/adf/faces/rich" id="pgl1">
 <af:inputText label="Enter String" id="it1" value="#{bindings.myInput1.inputValue}">
 <f:converter converterId="B2ZConverter"/>
 </af:inputText>
 <af:commandButton text="refresh" id="cb1"/>
 <af:outputText value="current data: #{bindings.myInput1.inputValue}" id="ot2"/>
 <af:outputText value="current data with converter: #{bindings.myInput1.inputValue}" id="ot3">
 <f:converter converterId="B2ZConverter"/>
 </af:outputText>
 <af:commandButton text="Converter with DB Data" id="cb2" action="emp"/>
 </af:panelGroupLayout>
 <!-- id="af_one_column_header_stretched" -->
 </f:facet>
 </af:panelStretchLayout>
 </af:form>
 </af:document>
 </f:view>
</jsp:root>

Hint: you might notice another component, a button which is later used to navigate to a second page. This is described later.

For the inputText field we need to store the data a user enters. For this we can either use a DB table, a bean property or a pagedef variable. We use a pagedef variable (more on see see Creating Variables and Attribute Bindings to Store Values Temporarily in the PageDef) which we bind to the value property of the inputText component (value=”#{bindings.myInput1.inputValue}”). The converter is setup by adding an f:converter tag like

<af:inputText label="Enter String" id="it1" value="#{bindings.myInput1.inputValue}">
  <f:converter converterId="B2ZConverter"/>
</af:inputText>

The converterId points to the ID defined in the faces-config.xml file. Running the page will show

Enter ‘Hello’ into the field and clicking outside the field (so that it looses the focus) will show

As we see, the two outputText fields don’t show anything as the data in not submitted jet. Clicking the ‘refresh’ button submits the data and the converter goes to action

Well, as the input did not have any ‘B’ nothing changes. So lets us add another word ‘Beta’ and click outside the inputText

As we did not submit the data to the server, we still see ‘Hello Beta’ and the outputText fields show ‘Hello’ both. Now click the ‘refresh’ button to get

The inputText has changed to the new format where the “B” is exchanged with the “-Z-”, however the outputtext ‘current data’ still shows the ‘Hello Beta’. The reason for this is that the data send to the binding layer was converted back using the getAsObject(…) method which exchanged the “-Z-” with “B”.

This implements the use case described at the beginning.

Now, to show that the same converter works with data from a DB table as well we add another two pages to the adfc-config.xml. One showing the employees in a read only table with a link on the employeeId which navigates to the employee details in a form.

The navigation to the second use case is done with the button mentioned earlier (‘Converter with DB data’)

Clicking on the button will show a table with employees where the EMail column was used to add the converter

The column tag looks like

<af:column sortProperty="#{bindings.EmployeesView1.hints.Email.name}" filterable="true" sortable="true"
    headerText="#{bindings.EmployeesView1.hints.Email.label}" id="c3">
  <af:outputText value="#{row.Email}" id="ot5">
    <f:converter converterId="B2ZConverter"/>
  </af:outputText>
</af:column>

Like with the inputText we just add a f:converter tag with the right ID “B2ZConverter”. With this use case we see why the getAsObject(…) method should undo the formatting. You don’t want to store the Email like this. You only want to show it this way, but not overwrite the correct Email fro the employee. You can check the DB data and see that the Email is still stored with the “B” and not the “-Z-”

To verify this we can click the link in the first column to goto the detail page of the selected employee

Again, we see the ‘Email’ in the new format and the original data ‘NO CONVERTER Email’ in the normal data. The tags used for this are

  <af:inputText value="#{bindings.Email.inputValue}" label="#{bindings.Email.hints.label}" required="#{bindings.Email.hints.mandatory}"
      columns="#{bindings.Email.hints.displayWidth}" maximumLength="#{bindings.Email.hints.precision}"
      shortDesc="#{bindings.Email.hints.tooltip}" id="it1">
    <f:validator binding="#{bindings.Email.validator}"/>
    <f:converter converterId="B2ZConverter"/>
  </af:inputText>
  <af:panelLabelAndMessage label="NO CONVERTER #{bindings.Email.hints.label}" id="plam1">
    <af:outputText value="#{bindings.Email.inputValue}" id="ot2"/>
  </af:panelLabelAndMessage>

When using the binding for the Email without the converter we see the data as it’s stored in the DB. Using the converter we see the converted data.

The sample was build with JDeveloper 11.1.1.17.0 using the HR DB schema. You can download the sample from GitHub BlogConverterSample.zip

JDeveloper: Prevent Navigation from Field on Failed Validation

This post shows how to implement a use case where you don’t want the user to leave a field which has a validation error. ADF does a good job enforcing that all validations are checked at the time you submit the data. However, if you want the user to correct an error in a field directly, you have to implement it yourself.

Use Case

A validation error can be a mandatory field which the user has not filled in or a where the user has filled in wrong data. In such a case you want that the user must correct the error before she/he is allowed to move to the next field.

Implementation

We start with a fragment whihc holds two af:inputText components. One we use to simulate a mandatory input text and the other for a normal input text field.

selection_973

The ‘Test’ button is used to submit the form. If we hit the Test button without any data in the fields we get

selection_974

as hte ID field is marks required. One you enter something into this field you can successfully submit the form

selection_975

That is the normal behavior ADF gives you out of the box. The use case  we implement here requires, that the user can’t leave the field once an error is shown for the field. So if the user sets the cursor to the ID field he can’t navigate away from it until he fixes the error. He can’t even click hte button. ADF would allow the user to leave the ID field to enter some value into the Name field.

So how do we prevent the user leaving the field by clicking in another field or clicking on a button?

We use an af:clientListener which listens for the ‘blur’ event checking if the field contains a value. If not, we set the focus back to the component and cancel the ongoing even. Setting the focus back to the component is essential as the blur event tell us that we loose the focus. This only happens if the user navigates away from the field.

 function setFocusWhenValidateFail(event) {
   var element = event.getSource();
   var val = element.getValue();
   var cid = element.getClientId();
   console.log("Value=" + val);
   if (val == null) {
     element.focus();
     event.cancel();
   }
}

The JavaScript function above shows this. This function is called via an af:clientListener we added to the af:inputText component

 <af:inputText label="ID (mandatory)" id="it1" required="true" 
     value="#{bindings.myId1.inputValue}" autoSubmit="true">
   <af:clientListener method="setFocusWhenValidateFail" type="blur"/>
 </af:inputText>

This is it. But wait, what if we like to check if the value entered by the user is valid?

Now, this add another complexity. For this we need to either code the validation in JavaScript or we have to call a bean method which can do the complex check on hte server side model. For easy checks it’s no problem to implement them in JavaScript in the ‘else’ part of the function above.

To call a server side method we need to add an af:serverListener which calls a bean method

 <af:inputText label="ID (mandatory)" id="it1" required="true" 
     value="#{bindings.myId1.inputValue}" autoSubmit="true">
   <af:clientListener method="setFocusWhenValidateFail" type="blur"/>
   <af:serverListener type="validateServerListener" 
       method="#{viewScope.InputValidationBean.handleValidationEvent}"/>
 </af:inputText>

and we change the JavaScript function

 function setFocusWhenValidateFail(event) {
   var element = event.getSource();
   var val = element.getValue();
   var cid = element.getClientId();
   console.log("Value=" + val);
   if (val == null) {
     element.focus();
     event.cancel();
   }
   else {
     console.log("call server with " + cid + " and " + val)
     //call bean method validateServerListener
     AdfCustomEvent.queue(element, "validateServerListener", 
       {
         fcid : cid, fvalue : val
       }, false);
     event.cancel();
   }
 }

Note that we add two parameters to the call to the bean method. The first parameter fcid is the client id of the component which calls the bean method. The second parameter fvalue is the value the user has entered into the field. We see why we need the parameters when we talk about the bean method.

In the bean we implement the custom validateServerListener method. First we get the two parameters from the ClientEvent and log them to the console. At this point we can e.g. call an application module method with the parameter  we got. In this simple same we just check the value for a specific value, in this case ’88’. When the value is ’88’ we add a  FacesMessage to the component with the clientId we got as second parameter.

However, just adding the FacesMessage wont be enough. At this point he focus has already shifted out of the component and the message would not displayed until the component is selected again. The event.cancel() in the JavaScript function does not prevent that the focus is shifted out of the component. The solution is to reset the focus to the component from the bean again. For this we add JavaScript code which will be executed after the event has finished. The JavaScript searches for the component by it’s Id and then calls component.focus()  to set the focus back to this component.

   public void handleValidationEvent(ClientEvent ce) {
        // get client id from event
        Object obj = ce.getParameters().get("fcid");
        String clientId = "";
        if (obj != null) {
            clientId = obj.toString();
        }

        // get field value from event     
        String val = "";
        Object obj2 = ce.getParameters().get("fvalue");
        if (obj2 != null) {
            val = obj2.toString();
        }
        
        logger.info("client id =" + clientId + " value=" + val);
        // do a check if hte value if OK
        // here we check against 88 to keep it simple. You can check against other model values here too!
        if ("88".equals(val)) {
            // check failed -> add message to the component and set the focus back to the component
            FacesContext facesContext = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
            FacesMessage msg = new FacesMessage(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR, "Error", "Wrong vlaue");
            facesContext.addMessage(clientId, msg);
            // javascript to set focus to component identified by it's clientId
            String script = "var t=document.getElementById('" + clientId + "::content');t.focus();";
            writeJavaScriptToClient(script);
        }
    }

    //generic, reusable helper method to call JavaScript on a client
    private void writeJavaScriptToClient(String script) {
        FacesContext fctx = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
        ExtendedRenderKitService erks = null;
        erks = Service.getRenderKitService(fctx, ExtendedRenderKitService.class);
        erks.addScript(fctx, script);
    }

Sample Application

You can download the sample application from GitHub BlogNoNavigationValidation. The sample doesn’t use a model layer, so no DB connection is needed.

 

Undo Reorder of Columns in af:table

A question on OTN about how to undo a reorder of columns in an af:table can be undone. In this blog I show how to undo such a reorder to show the columns of an af:table in their natural order.
The natural order is defined when you create the table. You can move the attributes in the create dialog or delete attributes you don’t want to see in the UI from the table.

In the image above we see the dialog after we drop a VO as table onto a page. To change is order of the columns in the table you can use the arrows on the right (in the red rectangle). Once you save the table you can reorder the columns in the property editor of the af:table.

img00003

The order of the columns you see in the dialog or the property editor is what is called default order of the columns. This default order can be different than the order of the attributes in the query the VO is based on.
The page we drop the af:table on is very simple. It is build from a quick layout and has a header for the page title and a panelCollection which holds the table.

img00008

We can reorder the columns in the UI by dragging a column and dropping it at a different location.

The question now is how to undo this manual reorder without refreshing the browser window.

To understand how this is implemented, we need to look how the the reorder is done in the first place. A table is build from one or more columns. Each of the columns describes the data to be shown in the column, the header to show and the display index which is the order of the columns shown in the UI. If the display index is less then zero (e.g. -1) the default order is used. Any other positive number is used to show the columns in ascending order of these display index.
To undo any reorder of the columns is an af:table we simply have to get to each column and set it’s display index to -1.

public class UndoColumnReorderBean {
    private static ADFLogger _logger = ADFLogger.createADFLogger(UndoColumnReorderBean.class);
    private RichTable table;

    public UndoColumnReorderBean() {
    }

    public void undoColunmReorder(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
        _logger.info("Undo reorder...");
        // get the tables child components
        List<UIComponent> children = this.table.getChildren();
        for (UIComponent comp : children) {
            // check if the child is a column
            if (comp instanceof RichColumn) {
                RichColumn col = (RichColumn) comp;
                // if hte display index is greater 0 set it to -1
                if (col.getDisplayIndex() >= 0) {
                    _logger.info("...unset column "+col);
                    col.setDisplayIndex(-1);
                }
            }
        }
        _logger.info("... done!");
    }

    public void setTable(RichTable table) {
        this.table = table;
    }

    public RichTable getTable() {
        return table;
    }
}

The bean above has a method undoColumnReorder which is an action event Listener triggered by clicking the ‘Undo Column Reorder’ button. This method uses the af:table component which is bound to the bean as property. It iterates over the child components of the table, checking if the child is a RichColumn (or af:column in the UI) and if yes sets its display index to -1;
To show the change in the UI, we have to ppr the table by adding the button as partial Trigger to the table

img00007

After clicking the button in the ui the table again looks like

img00004

so the default order of the columns is shown again.

You can download the application from GitHub BlogUndoColumnReorder. The sample is build using JDev 12.2.1.2 but you can do the same with any other JDev version 11g or 12c you use. It uses the HR DB schema.

Reset Table Filter when Navigating to Page

This blog is a continuation of an older blog about how to reset the filters of an af:table component from a bean (How to reset a filter on an af:table the 12c way). In the older blog I described the technique to reset the filters defined in the FilterableQueryDescriptor of a filterable af:table.

Now users on OTN JDev & ADF space ask for a small variation of the use case. The filter should reset whenever a navigation takes place to the page which holds the af:table. No button should be clicked to reset the filter values.

As the original technique can still be used, I don’t go into detail about how to do this. It’s described in the other blog for JDev versions 12c. The same technique can be applied to 11g but different Java code has to be used (see How to reset a filter on an af:table). I changed the sample application, which you can download (see link at the end of the blog), so that the query panel with the af:table has an additional button to navigate to a different page.

Run through

After starting the application we see the page with an empty table as no search was done. Clicking hte search button will give us

selection_910

The ‘Navigate’ button simply navigate to another view which holds twu buttons which let you navigate back to the original page.

selection_911

The ‘back without clear filter’ just navigates back to the page, whereas the ‘back with clear filter’ navigates to a method in the task-flow which prepares the af:table for reset. This is the bounded task flow:

selection_912

The EmpQueryPanel holds the af:query with the result table as shown in the first image. The view is marked as default activity in the task flow. When you first run the application (page RTFQPTest.jsf) the task flow is added as region to the page showing the query panel with the result table.

When you hit the search button on the page the table shows all employees. Now we can filter the results like ‘FirstName’ contain ‘s’ and ‘LastName’ contains ‘k’

selection_913

Now if we hit the ‘Navigate’ button we go to the page shown in image 2 with the two buttons. If we click on hte ‘back without clear filter’ we come back to the page as shown above. The filter values are still present!

If we click on the ‘back with clear filter’ we see

selection_914

so the filter values are cleared. So, how is it done?

Implementation

In the original sample we had a button which we used to trigger a method which get the FilterableQueryDescriptor from the table. This descriptor holds the filter values which are cleared by looping over all ConjunctionCriterion which are the filter values. Here is the full method for 12c

 /**
 * method to reset filter attributes on an af:table
 * @param actionEvent event which triggers the method
 */
 public void resetTableFilter12c(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
   FilterableQueryDescriptor queryDescriptor = (FilterableQueryDescriptor) getEmpTable().getFilterModel();
   if (queryDescriptor != null &amp;&amp; queryDescriptor.getFilterConjunctionCriterion() != null) {
     logger.info("Filter found...");
     ConjunctionCriterion cc = queryDescriptor.getFilterConjunctionCriterion();
     List&lt;Criterion&gt; lc = cc.getCriterionList();
     if (!lc.isEmpty()){
       logger.info("...iterating criterions...");
     }
     for (Criterion c : lc) {
       if (c instanceof AttributeCriterion) {
         AttributeCriterion ac = (AttributeCriterion) c;
         Object object = ac.getValue();
         logger.info("...found " + ac.getAttribute().getName() + " value: " + object);
         if (object != null) {
           ac.setValue(null);
           logger.info("...reset...");
         }
      }
   }
getEmpTable().queueEvent(new QueryEvent(getEmpTable(), queryDescriptor));
  }
}

public void setEmpTable(RichTable empTable) {
 this.empTable = empTable;
}

public RichTable getEmpTable() {
 return empTable;
}

A look into the log after clicking hte ‘back with clear flter’ shows

selection_915

We see that the for loop caught all filters and resetted every filter to null.

The interesting part is how we triggered the call of the method resetTableFilter12c. As there is no button or other action event involved we use a trick. We add a method to the ‘ShortDesc’ property of the af:table which points to a bean method

selection_916

Now, whenever the af:table is rendered it goes to the bean method asking for the test for hte short description. We use the call of this method as trigger to reset the filters. As this method is called multiple times during the JSF lifecycle, we need some kind of flag which tells us that the reset operation is done already. Otherwise we will spende lots of time calling the reset method without need.

public void setShortDescription(String shortDescritopn) {
logger.info("Set ShortDescription called");
this.shortDescription = shortDescritopn;
}

public String getShortDescription() {
logger.info("get ShortDescription called");
AdfFacesContext adfFacesCtx = AdfFacesContext.getCurrentInstance();

// get the PageFlowScope Params
Map<String, Object> scopePageFlowScopeVar = adfFacesCtx.getPageFlowScope();
Boolean reset = (Boolean) scopePageFlowScopeVar.getOrDefault("resetFilter", Boolean.FALSE);
boolean flip = reset.booleanValue();
if (flip) {
logger.info("ResetTable Filter!");
resetTableFilter12c(null);
scopePageFlowScopeVar.put("resetFilter", Boolean.FALSE);
logger.info("Unset filter reset flag!");
}

return shortDescription;
}

As there are cases where the short description is ask for which we don’t want to use as triggers to clear the filters, we need another flag which we can check. For this we set a flag in the pageFlowScope of hte bounded task flow named ‘resetFilter’.  in the method we get the pageFlowScope and read the flag (lines 8-13). Only when the flag is set to true in the pageFlowScope we call theresetTableFilter12c method (line 14-19) and reset the flag to false.

The only thing left to do is to set the flag in the pageFlowScope when we liek the filters to get cleared when navigating to the page. For this we use the method action ‘resetTableFilter’ which is defined in the task flow. This method action points to a bean method

selection_917

which puts the flag ‘resetFilter’ with a value of ‘Boolean.TRUE’ into the pageFlowScope:

public void setRestFlag() {
AdfFacesContext adfFacesCtx = AdfFacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
// get the PageFlowScope Params
Map<String, Object> scopePageFlowScopeVar = adfFacesCtx.getPageFlowScope();
scopePageFlowScopeVar.put("resetFilter", Boolean.TRUE);
logger.info("Set filter reset flag!");
}

Resources

You can download the sample application from GitHub:  BlogResetTableFilter12c

The sample uses JDev 12.2.1.2.0 and the HR DB schema.

Naviagting an af:table in pagination mode from a bean

A question on the JDeveloper and ADF OTN forum asked about how to navigate to a specific page of an af:table in pagination mode. As of JDeveloper 11.1.1.7.0 adf tables can be rendered in scroll mode or in pagination mode where only a specific number of rows are visible in the table.

af:table in pagination mode

To navigate the pages there is a small navigation toolbar below the table which allows to enter a page number or to navigate to the previous, next, first or last page.

The problem to solve is how to navigate the paginated table from within a java bean?

The table doesn’t offer any navigation listeners or methods you can bind bean methods to. Luckily there is the RangeChangeEvent one of the FacesEvents which can e used to notify a component that change in the range has taken place.

All we have to do to navigate the table in pagination mode is to calculate the needed parameters

  • oldStart: The previous start of this UIComponent’s selected range, inclusive
  • oldEnd: The previous end of this UIComponent’s selected range, exclusive
  • newStart: The new start of this UIComponent’s selected range, inclusive
  • newEnd: The new end of this UIComponent’s selected range, exclusive

We add an input field to the page which allow us to enter a page number and a button which we use to call an action listener in a bean.

The running application looks like

Running application

Another button is used to calculate the index of the selected row in the whole rowset, the index on the page and the page number. The row index and the index of the row on the page are zero based, page numbers start with 1. Let’s look at the code:

public void onGotoPage(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
BindingContainer bindingContainer = BindingContext.getCurrent().getCurrentBindingsEntry();
// get number of page to goto
AttributeBinding attr = (AttributeBinding) bindingContainer.getControlBinding("gotopage1");
Integer newPage = (Integer) attr.getInputValue();
if (newPage == null) {
return;
}
// page one starts at index 0 so subtract 1 from the pagen number
newPage--;
DCIteratorBinding iter = (DCIteratorBinding) bindingContainer.get("EmployeesView1Iterator");
// calculate the old and new rages for the RangeChangeEvent
int range = iter.getRangeSize(); // note both the table and we take the page size from the iterator's RangeSize
int oldStart = iter.getRangeStart();
int oldEnd = oldStart + range;
int newStart = newPage * range;
int newEnd = newStart + range;
// find the table
UIViewRoot iViewRoot = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getViewRoot();
UIComponent table = iViewRoot.findComponent("t1");
// build the event and fire it
RangeChangeEvent event = new RangeChangeEvent(table, oldStart, oldEnd, newStart, newEnd);
((RichTable)table).broadcast(event);
// update the table
AdfFacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addPartialTarget(table);
}

Line 2-8 we get the new page number we want to navigate to. Line 9-10 we subtract 1 from the given number as the page is zero based internally. In Line 11 we get the iterator which we need to get the range size and the start of the current range (lines 13-15). These values are oldStart and oldEnd. Lines 16-17 we calculate the new start range as page to go multiplied with the range. The newEnd parameter is the newStart pus the range size.
In lines 18-20 we get to the table component on the page. Then we create the RangeChangeEvent and broadcast the event to the table component in lines 21-23. Finally we ppr the table to see the change in the UI.

To show how to calculate the other way around, to get from the selected row in a table to the index on the page, the page number and the index in the rowset we added another button ‘GetPageOfSelectedRow’which calls a listener in the same bean which builds a string with the needed information.

public void onGetCurrentPage(ActionEvent actionEvent) {
BindingContainer bindingContainer = BindingContext.getCurrent().getCurrentBindingsEntry();
DCIteratorBinding iter = (DCIteratorBinding) bindingContainer.get("EmployeesView1Iterator");
// calculate index and page number. Index is zero based!
int currentRowIndex = iter.getRowSetIterator().getCurrentRowIndex();
_logger.info("CurrentRowIndex: " + currentRowIndex);
int currentPage = currentRowIndex / iter.getRangeSize();
currentPage++;
_logger.info("Current Page:" + currentPage);
int indexOnPage = (currentRowIndex % iter.getRangeSize());
_logger.info("Current index on Page:" + indexOnPage);
// get an ADF attributevalue from the ADF page definitions
AttributeBinding attr = (AttributeBinding) bindingContainer.getControlBinding("selectedRow1");
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
sb.append("row index overall: ");
sb.append(currentRowIndex);
sb.append(" row index on page: ");
sb.append(indexOnPage);
sb.append(" Page: ");
sb.append(currentPage);
attr.setInputValue(sb.toString());
}

To get the index of the selected row in the whole rowset we need the iterator and get the RowSetIterator from it. The rowSetIterator method getCurrentRowIndex() returns the index of the current row (line 5). The current page is calculated by dividing the current index through the range size (line 7). The final information is the index of the selected row on the page which is calculated as the current index modulo the range size (line 10). The rest of the listener build a string out of this information and writes it to a pageDef variable which is referenced in an outputfield on the page.

<af:outputText value="#{bindings.selectedRow1.inputValue}" id="ot8" partialTriggers="b2"/>

Here are some images from the sample application.

The sample application is build using JDev 12.1.3 and uses the HR DB schema. The sample can be downloaded from  Github

JDev 12.2.1: Remote Task Flows in Action

The new JDeveloper version 12.2.1 is just out and has a lot of new features to investigate. In this post we see how remote task flows work. Yes, they are finally here and they are working. At least if you install a patch available from support.oracle.com.
The downloadable version on JDev 12.2.1 has a small bug which prevents you from running remote task flows (refer to https://community.oracle.com/thread/3816032). Support and the dev team quickly delivered a patch for this. To get the patch, open a service request and ask for a patch for bug 22132843.

Let’s start. We need two applications to show how remote task flows are implmented. One is the remote task flow producer, one consumes the remote task flow. An application can be both, producer and consumer. For this sample we keep it simple and define one app as producer and one as consumer.

Producer Application
This application is really simple as it consists of only one page and one task flow which shows the departments and its employees of the HR DB schema.

Remote Task Flow Producer Application

Remote Task Flow Producer Application

The image above shows the running application stand alone. The single page has the header and a simple task flow beneath it to show the departments and their employees.


There are two properties to set in the task flow.
1) in must be remote invocable
2) the transaction must be isolated

Next we have to make the application aware that it should be a remote task flow producer. For this we edit the projects properties and select the ‘ADF Task Flow’ node.

Project Properties for Producer Application

Project Properties for Producer Application


Please note is the second checkbox selected which allows anonymous users to access the remote task flow. This should not be used in a production environment as this would allow anybody to access the task flow. The doc shows how to secure the access to a remote task flow (see link below).

These settings will add a special servlet and a servlet filter to the web.xml file of the application.

There are more things to consider which you find in the docs at How to Configure an Application to Render Remote Regions

That’s it for the simple producer application.

Consumer Application
The second application is simple too. Here we use a single page which again uses the HR DB schema to show the departments as an editable table in a panel splitter. On the right of this we show the remote task flow of the producer application.

Consumer Application

Consumer Application


In the image above the remote task flow isn’t visible as it is not added at the moment.
To make the remote task flow available we need to run the producer application. Here we have to be careful if we try this out using the embedded WebLogic Server. As only one application can be started in debug mode, we need to start the producer application as a normal application.
Run Producer Application

Run Producer Application

In the consumer application we set the project properties for the ADF Task Flow to allow it to consume remote task flows

Consumer Application Project Properties

Consumer Application Project Properties

Now we create a remote task flow connection. Open the resource palette and select to create a ‘Remote Region Producer…’ from the IDE connections.
Here we fill in the needed info like the path to the remote producer servlet which will get us the names of all remote task flows the application holds. To access the remote task flow we define the URL endpoint


The details about what to fill in are again from the doc.

In the consumer application we now open the one page and drag the remote task flow from the ressource palette onto the page and drop it in the right hand splitter

Drop Remote Region in Consumer Application

Drop Remote Region in Consumer Application


This will give us the known image in design mode as if you use a normal region
Consumer Page

Consumer Page


We are ready to run the consumer application and get
Running Consumer Application

Running Consumer Application

Nice!

You can download the sample application from GitHub:
Consumer Application
Producer Application
Both application use the HR DB schema. Make sure to adjust the DB connection to point to your db server.